MODERASI BERAGAMA DALAM NOVEL "KAMBING DAN HUJAN" KARYA MAHFUD IKHWAN

Erawati Dwi Lestari

Abstract


This study examines the form of religious moderation in the novel Kambing dan Hujan (KH) by Mahfud Ikhwan. This type of research is qualitative, which utilizes descriptive and analytical methods. The approach used is the sociology of literature which prioritizes literary texts as the study material. The results showed that the social setting of the novel KH includes people's living habits, traditions, and religious views. Meanwhile, the author's social background includes the place of birth, residence, and profession that influenced the publication of the novel KH. The social setting of the novel depicts an extreme and fanatical society in religion. However, there is also a picture of people who view everything as normal, not excessive, moderate, and do not feel superior to other parties on the opposite side. From the author's social background, it can be seen that Mahfud Ikhwan as a writer positions himself as a neutral party. Although the novel KH has a big theme, namely about two very important differences in ideology, opinions, and worship practices between NU and Muhammadiyah, the author is able to reach the two largest Islamic organizations in Indonesia's point of view by being in the middle of the two.

Keywords: Sociology of Literature, Religious Moderation, The Novel Kambing dan Hujan.

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Akhmadi, Agus. (2019). Moderasi Beragama dalam Keragaman Indonesia. Inovasi: Jurnal Diklat Keagamaan, Vol. 13 (2), Hal. 45–55.

Aswidaningrum, Rusi dkk. (2017). Tumpang-Tindih Konflik dalam Novel Kambing dan Hujan Karya Mahfud Ikhwan. Mozaik Humaniora, Vol. 17 (1), Hal. 141–156.

Aziz, M. (2017). Ilmu Dakwah: Edisi Revisi (6th ed.). Jakarta: Kencana.

Endraswara, Suwardi. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian Sosiologi Sastra. Yogyakarta: CAPS.

Hannan, Abd. (2018). Islam Moderat dan Tradisi Popular Pesantren: Strategi Penguatan Islam Moderat di Kalangan Masyarakat Madura melalui Nilai Tradisi Popular Islam Berbasis Pesantren. Jurnal Sosiologi: Dialektika, Vol. 13 (2), Hal. 152–168.

Ikhwan, Mahfud. (2015). Kambing dan Hujan. Jakarta: Bentang Pustaka.

Islam, Khalil Nurul. (2020). Moderasi Beragama di Tengah Pluralitas Bangsa: Tinjauan Revolusi Mental Perspektif Al-Qur’an. Jurnal Kuriositas: Media Komunikasi Sosial dan Keagamaan, Vol. 13 (1), Hal. 38–59.

Karuniawati, Hana. (2017). Aspek Religiusitas dalam Novel Kambing dan Hujan Karya Mahfud Ikhwan dengan Tinjauan Sosiologi Sastra serta Implementasinya dalam Pembelajaran Sastra di SMA. Skripsi: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Mardalis. (1993). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Matondang, Asnawati. (2019). Dampak Modernisasi Terhadap Kehidupan Sosial Masyarakat. Wahana Inovasi: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat UISU, Vol. 8 (2), Hal. 188–194.

Moleong, Lexy J. (2013). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Mulyadi. (2016). Agama dan Pengaruhnya dalam Kehidupan. Jurnal Tarbiyah Al-Awlad, Vol. 6 (2), Hal. 556–564.

Putri, Dwina D. (2019). Narasi NU dan Muhammadiyah dalam Roman Kambing dan Hujan Karya Mahfud Ikhwan dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pembelajaran Sastra di Sekolah. Skripsi: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Rohman, Dudung Abdul. (2016, 2 September). Memahami Moderasi dalam Islam. Diakses dari https://republika.co.id/berita/ocuxkc396/memahami-moderasi-dalam-islam.

Rosana, Ellya. (2011). Modernisasi dan Perubahan Sosial. Jurnal Tapis: Teropong Aspirasi Politik Islam, Vol. 7 (1), Hal. 32–47.

Semi, Atar. (1993). Metode Penelitian Sastra. Bandung: Angkasa.

Shihab, M. Quraish. (2019). Wasathiyyah: Wawasan Islam Tentang Moderasi Beragama. Tangerang Selatan: Lentera Hati.

Sukma, Ayu. (2018). Kajian Sosiologi Sastra dan Nilai Toleransi pada Novel Kambing dan Hujan Karya Mahfud Ikhwan serta Relevansinya dengan Materi Ajar Apresiasi Sastra di Sma Kelas XII. Skripsi: Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret Surakarta.

Sumardjo, J. (1999). Konteks Sosial Novel Indonesia 1920-1927. Bandung: Alumni.

Susanti, W. & Nurmayani, E. (2020). Kritik Sosial dan Kemanusiaan dalam Lirik Lagu Karya Iwan Fals. SeBaSa: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Vol. 3 (1), Hal. 1–8.

Utami, D.F, R.A Fadhalah, Siti Nuzulia. (2013). Studi Indigenous Work Conflict Pada Karyawan Bersuku Jawa. Journal of Social and Industrial Psychology, Vol. 2 (2), Hal. 18–35.

Waluyo, Sukarjo. (2014). Kritik Sosial terhadap Sistem Hukum dalam Novel Bukan Karena Kau Karya Toha Mohtar (Sebuah Tinjauan Sosiologis). Jurnal Humanika, Vol. 20 (2), Hal. 9–23.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29408/sbs.v4i2.3752

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
SeBaSa: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats