TRADISI KEDEWAN SEBAGAI TERAPI PADA GANGGUAN JIWA DI DESA SONGAK LOMBOK TIMUR

Authors

  • Mastur Mastur Institut Agama Islam Hamzanwadi, Pancor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29408/jls.v1i1.6213

Abstract

Kedewan is a unique tradition that contains many functions for the Songak people. As a tradition that has been passed down from generation to generation, of course it has a high sacred value. The sacredness of this council tradition is seen in all the processions that are carried out, both in preparation, implementation and the expected result. The function of implementing this council tradition lies in three substantial dimensions of human needs, namely 1) life safety, 2) health, and 3) life welfare. These three things will always be the reason why the council tradition is carried out by the Songak people. This paper will focus on the human need for health, especially mental health as one of the reasons for holding the council tradition. Using an ethnopsychological approach, this paper tries to explore aspects of psychotherapy in the council tradition. As a result, the council tradition can be classified as a form of cultural psychological therapy for the Songak community. This is because the traditional council ceremony, along with all its processes, is culturally proven to be able to heal those who are experiencing hysteria or trance disorders. Keywords: Kedewan Tradition, Therapy, trance disorders.

References

Badri, Malik B., (1979), The Dilemma Moslem Psychologist, (terj. Siti Zainab), Jakarta, Pustaka Firdaus

Bangaq, Papuq (2008), Ngayu-ayu Sebagai Pengobatan Alternatif, Lombok Timur, (disampaikan dalam

acara seminar budaya Lombok Timur)

Bergin, Allen A., “Psikoterapi dan Nilai-nilai Religius”, dalam Jurnal Ilmu dan Kebudayaan Ulumul Qur’an

No. 4 Vol.V, tahun, 1994

Castillo, J., R. 1996. Culture and Mental Illness. ITP an International Thomson Publishing Company.

Canada.

Corey, Gerald, (2005), Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychoterapi, Belmont, CA,

Thomson/brooks/Cole

Davidoff, Linda L., (1988), Introduction to Psychology, (terj. Mari Jumiati), Jakarta, Erlangga

Frankl, Viktor E., (1970), The Will to Meaning: Foundations Aplications of Logoterapy, New American

Library

Gross, M.L., (1978), The Psychological Society, New York, Random House

Haq, Manzurul dalam Zafar Afaq Ansari, (2003), Qur’anic Concept of Human Psyche, (terj. Abdullah Ali),

Bandung, ‘Arasy

Kring, A.M., Davison, G.C., Neale, J.M., and Johnson, S.L. 2007. Abnormal Psychology.

th edition. Massachusetts: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

J. Winardi, (2002), Motivasi dan Pemotivasian dalam Manajemen, Jakarta, Rajawali Pers

Malony, H.N., (1997), Current Perspektives in the Psychology of Religion, Grand Rapids, Mich Ferdmans

Polanyi, M., (1962), Personal Knowledge: Towards a Postcritical Philosophy, Chicago, University of

Chicago Press

Simons, C., R., Hughes, C.C. 1985. The Culture-Bound Syndromes. D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Netherlands.

Soemanto, Wasty, (1998), Psikologi Pendidikan: Landasan Kerja Pemimpin Pendidikan, Jakarta, Rineka

Cipta

Downloads

Published

2022-06-30