An Analysis of Sasak Language Maintenance and Shift in Sumbawa: A Case Study at Surya Bhakti Neighbourhood in Sumbawa Regency

Ridwan Ridwan, Hizbul Wathoni, Hanofi Harianto, Selamet Riadi Jaelani

Abstract


This research aimed to investigate the Sasak language maintenance and shift of Sasak people in Surya Bhakti neighborhood. This research was Qualitative descriptive method was employed in analyzing the data. There were 40 participants divided into young generation participants and old generation participants. There are 20 participants of the young generations that consist of 16 males and 4 females, while 20 participants of the old generation participants consist of 18 males and 2 females. Three techniques were employed to collect the data: observation, interview, and documentation. Observation and interviews serve as primary data sources. Meanwhile, documentation serves as the secondary one. The process of the interview was recorded. Meanwhile, a field note was used during the observation. Documents or documentation were used to complete the data findings from the observation and interview and take some pictures in the research area. Thus, all data from observation, interview, and documentation were analyzed. The research results show that Sasak people, both young and old generation participants, are proud of their language and cultural identity. The young generation participants maintain the Sasak language in Surya Bhakti neighborhood. In addition, the young generation participants have the proficiency in speaking Sasak language fluently and accurately than Sumbawanese. Furthermore, the data indicate that the old generations of Sasak people in Surya Bhakti neighborhood are more likely to use Sasak language than Sumbawanese when communicating daily with Sasak people in their community, even in their community outside of the neighborhood.


Keywords


Diary, Writing, Students’ Ability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bianco, J. Lo. (2017). Policy activity for heritage languages: Connections with representation and citizenship. In Heritage language education (pp. 53–70). Routledge.

Brehmer, B. (2021). Maintenance of Russian as a heritage language in Germany: A longitudinal approach. Russian Journal of Linguistics, 25(4), 855–885.

Dana, L. P. (1999). Entrepreneurship in Pacific Asia: Past, Present & Future. World Scientific.

Habtoor, H. A. (2012). Language Maintenance and Language Shift among Second Generation Tigrinya-speaking Eritrean Immigrants in Saudi Arabia. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 2(5).

Harnish, D. (2011). Tensions between adat (custom) and agama (religion) in the music of Lombok. Divine Inspirations: Music and Islam in Indonesia, 80–108.

Holmes, J., Roberts, M., Verivaki, M., & AIPOLO, ‘ANAHINA.’ (1993). Language maintenance and shift in three New Zealand speech communities. Applied Linguistics, 14(1), 1–24.

Irwandi, I. (2020). Implementing Eclectic Method for ELT through Distance Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Educatio, 15(2), 91-103.

Jazadi, I., & Widari, I. (2019). The Concerns, Roots, and Challenges of Islamic Culture in Sumbawa and Their Implications for Implementing Halal Tourism. KARSA: Journal of Social and Islamic Culture, 27(1), 52–74.

Kuncha, R. M., & Bathula, H. (2004). The role of attitudes in language shift and language maintenance in a new immigrant community: A case study. Artikel, Tidak Diterbitkan.

Matras, Y. (2020). Language contact. Cambridge University Press.

Pong, L. T. (1998). Qualitative research methods in family medicine. Hong Kong Practitioner, 20(6), 305–306.

Prochazka, K., & Vogl, G. (2017). Quantifying the driving factors for language shift in a bilingual region. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(17), 4365–4369.

Purwoko, B. (2016). Bureaucracy and the Politics of Identity: A Study on the Influence of Ethnicity on the Bureaucrat Recruitment Process in Sorong Selatan Regency, West Papua, Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Pemerintahan, 7(4), 516–550.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29408/edc.v16i2.4474

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Educatio

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.