Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Jurnal Elemen (e-ISSN: 2442-4226) is a reviewed journal published by Universitas Hamzanwadi. This statement describes the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the process of publishing an article in this journal, including the authors, the editor-in-chief, the editorial board, the reviewers, and the publisher. This statement is based on the COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in the Jurnal Elemen is an essential building block in developing a coherent and recognized knowledge network. It directly reflects the quality of the authors' work and the institutions that support them. Review articles support and embody the scientific method. Therefore, it is crucial to agree on the expected standards of ethical behavior for all parties involved in publishing: authors, journal editors, review partners, publishers, and the public.

Universitas Hamzanwadi as the publisher of the Jurnal Elemen takes the task of maintaining all stages of publishing very seriously, and we are aware of our ethics and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint, or other commercial revenue does not impact or influence editorial decisions. In addition, Universitas Hamzanwadi and the Editorial Board will assist in communication with other journals and/or publishers, where this is useful and necessary.

Publication Decision

The Editors of the Jurnal Elemen are responsible for deciding which submitted articles should be published. The validation of the work and its importance to researchers and readers should always drive such decisions. Editors may be guided by the discretion of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements, such as defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. Editors may consult with other editors or review partners in making this decision.

Aspects of Justice

The editors evaluate manuscripts at all times for the intellectual content of the authors regardless of the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, nationality, or political views of the authors.


The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, prospective reviewers, other appropriate editorial boards, and publishers, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished material in a submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's research without the author's written consent.

Reviewer's Task

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Bestari partners assist editors in making editorial decisions and assist authors in improving the quality of manuscripts through editors.


Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified/interested in reviewing the manuscript or does not have sufficient time to review it must immediately notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.


Any manuscript accepted for review must be treated as a confidential document. Manuscripts must not be shared or discussed with others unless authorized by the editor.

Objectivity Standard

The review must be done objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate to convey. Reviewers must state their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Acknowledgment

Reviewers should identify relevant published works that the authors have not cited. Relevant citations must accompany statements that observations, derivations, or arguments have been previously reported. The reviewer must also state to the editor if there are substantial similarities or overlaps between the manuscript under consideration and any other published articles.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Information or ideas obtained in the review process must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers must reject manuscripts where they have a conflict of interest due to competition, collaboration, or other relationships and connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the manuscript.

Author's Task

Reporting Standard

Authors of the original research report must present an accurate account of the work done and an objective discussion of the significance of the research. The underlying data must be accurately included in the manuscript. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to copy the work. Reporting fraud or giving out inaccurate information is unethical and unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are required to provide raw data related to the manuscript for editorial and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if possible, and should, in any case, retain such data after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written a completely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or words of others, this has been appropriately cited.

Multiple, Redundant, and Concurrent Publications

An author may not publish a manuscript describing the essence of the same research in more than one journal or significant publication. Submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Source Acknowledgment

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the work they report on.

List of Manuscript Authors
Authors should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the reported research. Everyone who has made a significant contribution must be listed as a co-author. Persons or other parties who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project must be recognized or listed as contributors. Corresponding authors must ensure that all appropriate authors are listed in the manuscript and that there are no unsuitable authors. All authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
If the work involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment that have unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must identify these in the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their manuscript any substantive or financial conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, he should immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.

Content Licence

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)

You are accessible to:

  • Sharing - copying and redistributing this material in any form or format
  • Adapt - compose, modify, and make derivatives of this material for any purpose, including commercial purposes.

The licensor cannot revoke the above terms as long as you comply with the terms of this license. With the following conditions:

  • Attribution: You must include an appropriate name, include a link to the license, and certify that changes have been made. You can appropriately do this, but it does not imply that the licensor endorses you or your use.

  • No additional restrictions: You may not use legal provisions or technological control means that legally restrict others from doing what this license allows.

  • ShareAlike: If you compose, modify, or make derivatives of this material, you must distribute your contribution under the same license as the original material.


  • You do not need to comply with a license for any portion of this material already in the public domain or any use permitted under any exclusion or restriction.

  • This license gives no warranty. This license may not provide appropriate permissions for your intended use. For example, other rights such as rights to portraits, rights to privacy, or moral rights may limit the use of CC-licensed materials.


Article Writing Code of Ethics

  1. The author is responsible for the article's overall content, which includes methods, analysis, calculations, and details.

  2. The author immediately responds to comments made by peer reviews in a professional and timely manner.

  3. Authors must inform the editor if they withdraw their paper.

  4. The author describes the limitations of this study.

  5. The author respects the publisher if the submitted article is not published for one reason or another.

  6. The author informs the editor of a paper part of gradual, multidisciplinary, and different perspective research.

  7. The author makes a statement that the paper submitted for publication is original, has not been published anywhere in any language, and is not in the process of being submitted to another publisher.

  8. If there is an error in the paper, the author must immediately notify the editor or publisher.

  9. Use of material from other publications that are copyrighted must be given written permission and thanks.

  10. Authors refer to the work of others as appropriate citations and citations used in the paper.

  11. When submitting new discoveries or improving inventions, authors should mention previous work, researcher/author/founder.

  12. Authors are not allowed to provide a bibliography of a publication if they have not read the publication.

  13. If requested, the authors provide evidence that the research has met research ethics requirements, including field notes.

  14. The author responds if there are comments or feedback after the paper is published.

Plagiarism Policy

Plagiarism includes the following:

  1. Referring and/or quoting terms, words and/or sentences, data, or information from sources without citing sources in the citation notes and/or without adequately stating sources.
  2. Referring to or citing random terms, words, or sentences and information from sources without citing the source in the citation notes or adequately citing the source.
  3. Using ideas, opinions, views, or theories without adequately citing sources.
  4. Formulate your own words or sentences from the source of words or phrases, ideas, opinions, views, or theories without stating the source adequately.
  5. Submit scientific works produced or published by others as a source of scientific work without disclosing it adequately.

Plagiarism Checking

The editor checks plagiarism two times, namely:

  1. Submission process: Articles are checked using iThenticate after the author submits the article and before the review process.
  2. Before publication: Articles are rechecked using iThenticate after the article is declared eligible for publication and carried out before the article is published.


Suppose the author is proven to be duplicating, fabricating, falsifying, plagiarizing, or publishing one manuscript in two or more different journals. In that case, the author is given sanctions in the form of revocation of the article, cancellation of publication, and the author being black-listed from the Jurnal Elemen.

Retraction and Correction Policies


Jurnal Elemen takes its responsibility to maintain the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record of our content for all end users very seriously. Changes to articles after they have been published online may only be made under the circumstances outlined below. Jurnal Elemen places great importance on the authority of articles after they have been published, and our policy is based on best practice in the academic publishing community.

An Erratum is a statement by the authors of the original paper that briefly describes any correction(s) resulting from errors or omissions. Any effects on the conclusions of the paper should be noted. The corrected article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of erratum is given. The Erratum is made freely available to all readers and is linked to the corrected article.

A Retraction is a notice that the paper should not be regarded as part of the scientific literature. Retractions are issued if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable; this can be as a result of misconduct or honest error; if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper referencing, permission, or justification; if the work is plagiarized; or if the work reports unethical research. To protect the integrity of the record, the retracted article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of retraction is given, is made freely available to all readers, and is linked to the retracted article.

The authors can publish retractions when they have discovered substantial scientific errors; in other cases, the Editors or Publisher may conclude that retraction is appropriate. In all cases, the retraction indicates the reason for the action and who is responsible for the decision. If a retraction is made without the unanimous agreement of the authors, that is also noted. In rare and extreme cases involving legal infringement, the Publisher may redact or remove an article. Bibliographic information about the article will be retained to ensure the integrity of the scientific record. A Publisher’s Note notifies readers that an article has been corrected after publication. It is issued by the Publisher and is used in cases where typographical or production errors (which are the fault of the Publisher) affect the integrity of the article metadata (such as title, author list, or byline) or will significantly impact the readers' ability to comprehend the article. The original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version. Publisher’s Notes are freely available to all readers. Minor errors that do not affect the integrity of the metadata or a reader's ability to understand an article and that do not involve a scientific error or omission will be corrected at the discretion of the Publisher. The original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version in such a case. The date the correction is made is noted on the corrected article. Authors should also be aware that an original article can only be removed and replaced with a corrected version less than one year after the original publication date. A Publisher’s Note will only document corrections to an article with a publication date older than one year. The following guideline may also be helpful: COPE Guidelines for Retracting Articles