A learning trajectory of integer addition and subtraction using the kempreng game context





addition and subtraction, design research, kempreng game, learning trajectory


Traditional games can be used as a context to understand mathematical concepts. Many studies on learning trajectory (LT), which are set in the context of traditional games, have been carried out. However, no study focuses on using the context of the traditional kempreng game to facilitate primary students in understanding integer addition and subtraction. This research aims to design an LT through traditional game kempreng to help construct students' understanding and mathematical concepts through various activities that have been developed. This study uses design research with stages, namely preliminary design, teaching experiment, and retrospective analysis. This study produces LT which consists of five activities, namely: consisting of calculating addition points through the kempreng context, calculating subtraction (difference) through the kempreng context, performing additional operations on the “same” kempreng card, performing subtraction operations on “different” kempreng, and determining the results of addition or subtraction operations of number cards with the opposing group. In this study, LT set in the traditional game of kempreng can be used as a context in preparing learning designs that could stimulate students thinking in understanding the mathematical concepts of integer addition and subtraction. The impact of the research design also occurs on teachers. Learning becomes a student center, the teacher as a facilitator. The results of this study can have implications as one of the considerations for using contexts with real and cultural backgrounds to reduce or build a meaningful understanding of the concept of integer addition and subtraction for primary students.

Author Biographies

Mohammad Faizal Amir, Elementary School Teacher Education Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, East Java


Mahardika Darmawan Kusuma Wardana, Elementary School Teacher Education Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, East Java



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How to Cite

Salsabila, I., Amir, M. F., & Wardana, M. D. K. (2022). A learning trajectory of integer addition and subtraction using the kempreng game context. Jurnal Elemen, 8(2), 556–571. https://doi.org/10.29408/jel.v8i2.5541




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