Student errors in solving HOTS based-match story problems with Newman's theory

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29408/jel.v8i1.4199

Keywords:

HOTS-based story question, Newman's theory, students' error analysis

Abstract

Students' ability for HOTS is critical to acquire. However, the PISA survey in 2018 showed that Indonesian participants were at level 1, and the national exam in 2018 indicated that 40% of students had an issue answering HOTS questions. The problem suggests that students solve questions requiring higher-order thinking skills, causing errors. Therefore, the study aimed to analyze student errors based on Newman's Theory in solving HOTS-based math story problems. The method applied for qualitative research with a descriptive approach. Data collection involved 126 grade IX students using HOTS-based math story tests, interviews, and documentation. Students were grouped into three categories from the HOTS-based math story test results: students with good, medium, and low abilities. This step was to find the average and standard deviation of the scores obtained by respondents when completing the given test. Then three students were selected from each category as subjects. The results showed that as many as 50% of students misunderstood the questions, 20% made transformation errors, and 10% errors in reading, processing skills, and encoding. The high error rate of these students shows the poor ability of students to solve HOTS-based math story problems.

References

Alhassora, N. S. A., Abu, M. S., & Abdullah, A. H. (2017). Newman error analysis on evaluating and creating thinking skills. Man in India, 97(19), 413–427.

Amalia, S. R. (2017). Analisis kesalahan berdasarkan prosedur newman dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita ditinjau dari gaya kognitif mahasiswa [Error analysis based on newman procedure in solving story problems in terms of students' cognitive style]. Aksioma, 8(1), 17–30. https://doi.org/10.26877/aks.v8i1.1505

Chusnul, R. C., Mardiyana, & Retno, D. S. (2020). Errors analysis of problem solving using the newman stage after applying cooperative learning of TTW type. AIP Conference Proceeding, 1913, 1-7, Article 020028. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5016662

Dewi, S. K., Suarjana, M., & Sumantri, M. (2014). Penerapan model Polya untuk menungkatkan hasil belajar dalam memecahkan soal cerita matematika siswa kelas V [The application of the Polya model to improve learning outcomes in solving math story problems for class V students]. Jurnal Mimbar PGSD Undiksha, 2(1), 1-10. https://ejournal.undiksha.ac.id/index.php/JJPGSD/article/view/2057

Fatahillah, A., Wati, Y. F. N. T., & Susanto. (2017). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika berdasarkan tahapan newman beserta bentuk scaffolding yang diberikan [Analysis of student errors in solving math story problems based on the newman stages and the form of scaffolding given]. Kadikma, 8(1), 40–51.

Humaerah, S. R. (2017). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal-soal pada materi geometri dengan prosedur newman kelas VIII MTs Muhammadiyah Tanetea Kabupaten Jeneponto [Analysis of student errors in solving problems on geometry material with the Newman’s procedure of class VIII at MTs Muhammadiyah Tanetea, Jeneponto Regency] [Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis]. UIN Alauddin Makassar. http://repositori.uin-alauddin.ac.id/7766/

Karnasih, I. (2015). Analisis kesalahan newman pada soal cerita matematis [Newman error analysis on mathematical story problems]. Paradikma, 8(1), 37–51.

Kempirmase, F., Ayal, C. S., & Ngilawajan, D. A. (2019). Kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal-soal higher order thinking skill (HOTS) pada materi barisan dan deret aritmatika di kelas XI SMA Negeri 10 Ambon [Students' critical thinking ability in solving higher order thinking skill (HOTS) questions on arithmetic sequences and series in class XI SMA Negeri 10 Ambon]. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Matematika Universitas Pattimura, 1, 21–24.

Kurniawan, E. (2017). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita pokok bahasan sistem persamaan linier dua variabel dengan menggunakan prosedur newman pada siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 43 Purworejo Tahun Ajaran 2016/2017 [Analysis of student errors in solving the subject matter of a two-variable linear equation system using the newman procedure for class VIII students of SMP Negeri 43 Purworejo Academic Year 2016/2017] [Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis]. Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo. http://repository.umpwr.ac.id:8080/handle/123456789/1009

Mahmudah, W. (2018). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal matematika bertipe HOTS berdasar teori Newman [Analysis of student errors in solving HOTS-type math problems based on Newman's theory]. Unisda Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science, 4(1), 49–56. http://e-jurnal.unisda.ac.id/index.php/ujmc/article/view/845

Mansur, N., & Subanji. (2021). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan masalah open ended berdasarkan teori Newman [Analysis of student errors in solving open ended problems based on Newman's theory]. Al Hikmah: Journal of Education, 3(1), 23–28. https://doi.org/10.54168/ahje.v2i1.28

NCTM. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. NCTM.

Nurussafa’at, F. A., Sujadi, I., & Riyadi. (2016). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita pada materi volume prisma dengan fong’s shcematic model for error analysis ditinjau dari gaya kognitif siswa (studi kasus siswa kelas VIII semester II SMP IT Ibnu Abbas Klaten tahun ajaran 2013/2014 [Analysis of student errors in solving story problems on prism volume material using fong's schematic model for error analysis in terms of students' cognitive style (case study of class VIII students in second semester of SMP IT Ibnu Abbas Klaten 2013/2014 academic year]. Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika, 4(2), 174–187. https://jurnal.uns.ac.id/jpm/article/view/10862

Nuryadin, A., & Lidinillah, D. A. M. (2014). Analysis of fifth grade students’ performance in solving mathematical word problem using newman’s procedure. Prosiding ICE 2014, 139–146.

OECD. (2018). PISA 2018 Results (Vol. I). OECD Publishing.

Oktaviana, D. (2017). Analisis tipe kesalahan berdasarkan teori newman dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita pada mata kuliah matematika diskrit [Analysis of error types based on Newman's theory in solving story problems in discrete mathematics courses]. EduSains: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains & Matematika, 5(2), 22–32. https://doi.org/10.23971/eds.v5i2.719

Pardimin, & Widodo, S. A. (2016). Increasing skills of student in junior high school to problem solving in geometry with guided. Journal of Education and Learning, 10(4), 390–395. https://doi.org/10.11591/edulearn.v10i4.3929

Pranitasari, D., & Ratu, N. (2020). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal matematika PISA pada konten change and relationship [Analysis of student errors in solving PISA math problems on change and relationship content]. Aksioma: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, 9(4), 1235–1248. https://doi.org/10.24127/ajpm.v9i4.2685

Rohmah, M., & Sutiarso, S. (2018). Analysis problem solving in mathematical using theory newman. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 14(2), 671–681. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/80630

Rusdi, W. K. (2020). Analisis kesalahan dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika tipe HOTS berdasarkan gender (studi kasus pada siswa kelas V SDI Surya Buana Kota Malang) [Analysis of errors in solving HOTS type math problems based on gender (a case study of fifth grade students at SDI Surya Buana Malang City)] [Unpublished Master Thesis]. UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim. http://etheses.uin-malang.ac.id/19890/

White, A. L. (2010). Numeracy, literacy and newman’s error analysis. Journal of Science and Mathematics Education in Southeast Asia, 33(2), 129–148.

Widiawati, M., Surya, A., Istiyati, S., & Sukarno. (2020). Error analysis of fifth-grade students of elementary school in geometry problem solving based on Newman’s procedure. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(5), 1676–1682. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2020.080503

Yusnia, D., & Fitriyani, H. (2010). Identifikasi kesalahan siswa menggunakan Newman’s error analysis (NEA) pada pemecahan masalah operasi hitung bentuk aljabar [Identification of student errors using Newman's error analysis (NEA) in solving arithmetic operations problems in algebraic forms]. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan, Sains dan Teknologi, 78–83.

Zamzam, K. F., & Patricia, F. A. (2018). Error analysis of newman to solve the geometry problem in terms of cognitive style. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 160, 24–27.

Zulyanty, M. (2019). Newman error analysis siswa madrasah dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika [Newman’s error analysis of madrasah students in solving math story problems]. Journal Cendekia: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 3(2), 379–388. https://doi.org/10.31004/cendekia.v3i2.121

Downloads

Published

06-01-2022

How to Cite

Badriani, I., Wyrasti, A. F., & Tanujaya, B. (2022). Student errors in solving HOTS based-match story problems with Newman’s theory. Jurnal Elemen, 8(1), 77–88. https://doi.org/10.29408/jel.v8i1.4199

Issue

Section

Articles

Similar Articles

<< < 19 20 21 22 23 24 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.